Medications Profiles 2020-07-06T13:41:03+12:00
Medications Profiles

Medications profiles

Simple pain killers fall into three groups (paracetamol; mild opiates like codeine; and anti inflammatories like diclofenac, aspirin and ibuprofen. It is acceptable to use drugs from different groups at the same time, but not two drugs from the same group.

Paracetamol (Panadol, Pamol)

Use: mild pain reliever. Reduces fever. Good for headaches and general aches and pain.

Dose: 1,000mg 4 – 6 hourly. Maximum dose 4,000mg per day. May be used in conjunction with ibuprofen, diclofenac and/or codeine.

Ibuprofen (Brufen, Nurofen)

Use: mild pain reliever and anti-inflammatory. Good for general aches and pains.

Dose: 200mg – 400mg 4 to 6 hourly. Take with food. Maximum dose 1,200mg per day. May be used in conjunction with codeine and paracetamol. Take with food.

Precautions: Can cause stomach irritation and kidney failure if severely dehydrated.

Diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam)

Use: mild pain reliever and anti-inflammatory. Good for general aches and pains.

Dose: 75mg twice daily (slow release), or 50mg three times daily. Maximum dose 150mg per day. May be used in conjunction with paracetamol and/or codeine. Take with food.

Precautions: can cause stomach irritation and kidney failure if severely dehydrated.

Codeine

Use: strong pain relief. Only available over the counter in combination with ibuprofen (Nurofen Plus), or paracetamol (Panadeine).

Precautions: Narcotic drug, which can cause drowsiness and should be avoided when balance and sure-footedness is needed.

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