Most people, even those who don’t normally go into the hills, have heard about the Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal. I’ve quite often heard people say “Oh yeah, that’s on my bucket list. I’d love to get to Base Camp one day.” My first visit to Khumbu, the region on the south side of Everest, was in 1988. That year about 266,000 tourists visited Nepal and about 5% of them visited Khumbu, including me. I’ve since been into Khumbu six times, most recently in December 2017, when I was one of 940,000 tourists to Nepal. The 5% rule for Khumbu seems to still hold, because about 45,000 went to Khumbu in 2017 – four and half times more than on my first visit. Here’s a sobering stat – Nepal is targetting 2 million tourists by 2020. 5% of 2 million is 100,000.

The good news is firstly, that the Nepalese are slowly getting better at managing their tourists and the impact they have on the environment. Up in Khumbu genuine efforts are in play to manage waste and operate more sustainably. And secondly, there’s a lot more scope to Khumbu than just what I call the ‘ants’ route’ to Everest Base Camp – a trip I these days avoid like the plague during the main trekking seasons of Sep/Oct/Nov and Mar/Apr/May. The map above is one I’ve been filling out as I visit more spots around Khumbu. While I can’t lay claim to hardly any of the peaks shown (only Pokhalde and Imja Tse), I have been on all the routes and to all the places and viewpoints shown (except Tashi Labsta). And the tan shaded spots are what I call ‘off the beaten trek’ places.

Khumbu is essentially five valley systems. Going from left (west), the first is the one between Namche Bazaar (the main town in the Khumbu) and Tashi Labsta. The second follows the Bhote Kosi River up from Thame to Nangpa La. The third follows the upper Dudh Kosi River up to Cho Oyu. The fourth is the ants’ route from Namche Bazaar, tracing the Imja Khola River and then  Khumbu Glacier to Everest Base Camp. And the fifth goes from Dingboche up to Imja Tse (Island Peak).

Linking the valleys are three high passes. Renjo La goes from Valley 2 to 3, Cho La from Valley 3 to 4 and Kongma La from Valley 4 to 5. Or of course you can go in the opposite direction as well. If you have about three weeks, doing what has become known as the ‘Three Passes Trek’ is probably one of the best routes on offer. You’ll meet much fewer other trekkers and the scenery is world class.

But it’s helpful to understand that, while you’ll probably spend most of your time in Khumbu above 4,000 metres, it’s still relatively highly populated with small villages and a great tea house network. It’s amazing just how many trails there are and how high you can get on them – all over Khumbu. That’s what the tan shaded spots are about and what the following images give you a taste of.

So, if the Everest trek is on your bucket list, this is helpful food for thought – there’s so much more to Khumbu than the ants’ route. See many more Khumbu images and information at

In 2021 Peter also released a book about his three decades of visits and experiences in Khumbu – KHUMBU Pathways to Kinship. Click to get a copy and enter FMC01 as the coupon code to get 20% off as an FMC member.

Peter Laurenson is a member of the New Zealand Alpine Club and editor of FMC’s Backcountry.

For more images and info about Peter, visit